Category Archives: Dante

David Bruce: Dante’s PARADISE: A Discussion Guide — “Canto 33: Mystic Empyrean — Saint Bernard prays to Mary; The Trinity and Christ’s Dual Nature”

“Canto 33: Mystic Empyrean — Saint Bernard prays to Mary; The Trinity and Christ’s Dual Nature” What does Saint Bernard do at the beginning of Canto 33? We are now at the end of The Divine Comedy. This is Canto 33 … Continue reading

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David Bruce: Dante’s PARADISE: A Discussion Guide —“Canto 32: Mystic Empyrean — Saint Bernard and the Saints in the Rose”

“Canto 32: Mystic Empyrean — Saint Bernard and the Saints in the Rose” Of which souls is the Rose composed? Saint Bernard will get Dante ready to see God. He does that by having Dante study the Mystic Empyrean with all … Continue reading

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David Bruce: Dante’s PARADISE: A Discussion Guide — “Canto 31: Mystic Empyrean—Saint Bernard”

“Canto 31: Mystic Empyrean—Saint Bernard” Again, we have a change of guides. Write a brief character analysis of Saint Bernard. Who is he, historically? Again, we have a change of guides. Dante looks at the Rose and at the MysticEmpyrean. He … Continue reading

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David Bruce: Dante’s PARADISE: A Discussion Guide — “Canto 30: Mystic Empyrean — The River of Light; The Mystical Rose”

“Canto 30: Mystic Empyrean — The River of Light; The Mystical Rose” Much of what Dante sees in the Mystic Empyrean is ineffable. What does that mean? If something is ineffable, it cannot be described adequately in words. This is an … Continue reading

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David Bruce: Dante’s PARADISE: A Discussion Guide — “Canto 29: Primum Mobile — The Creation and Fall of Angels”

“Canto 29: Primum Mobile — The Creation and Fall of Angels” In Paradise, souls are very helpful. In Paradise, souls are very helpful. Beatrice knows that Dante has some unanswered questions about angels: Then she began: “I say, and I ask not … Continue reading

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David Bruce: Dante’s PARADISE: A Discussion Guide — “Canto 28: Primum Mobile — The Hierarchy of Angels”

“Canto 28: Primum Mobile — The Hierarchy of Angels” What is the Mystic Empyrean? The Mystic Empyrean lies beyond the Primum Mobile. Actually, “lies beyond” is misleading, as the Mystic Empyrean does not exist in space and time. However, because we … Continue reading

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David Bruce: Dante’s PARADISE: A Discussion Guide — “Canto 26: Gemini — Saint John Examines Dante’s Love; Adam”

“Canto 26: Gemini — Saint John Examines Dante’s Love; Adam” Why is Dante temporarily blind during the test about the virtue of love? In Canto 25, Dante blinded himself trying to see if Saint John had a body. Love is blind, … Continue reading

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