Monthly Archives: January 2019

David Bruce: William Shakespeare’s RICHARD III: A Retelling in Prose — Cast of Characters and Act 1, Scene 1

CAST OF CHARACTERS House of York King Edward IV. King Edward IV and his wife, Queen Elizabeth, have two young sons, who are often referred to as the Princes: Edward, Prince of Wales, and afterwards King Edward V; son of … Continue reading

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David Bruce: Dante’s INFERNO: A Discussion Guide — “Canto 24: The Thieves, Including Vanni Fucci”

“Canto 24: The Thieves, Including Vanni Fucci” Explain the beginning of Canto 24 (the peasant who thinks that frost is snow). What does it tell us about Virgil’s state of mind and about Dante’s state of mind? Here we have a … Continue reading

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David Bruce: William Shakespeare’s RICHARD II: A Retelling in Prose — Act 5, Scenes 4-6 (Conclusion)

— 5.4 — Sir Pierce of Exton and a servant talked together in a room of Windsor Castle. Sir Pierce of Exton said, “Did you notice what words King Henry IV spoke? ‘Have I no friend who will get rid … Continue reading

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David Bruce: Dante’s INFERNO: A Discussion Guide — “Canto 23: The Hypocrites”

“Canto 23: The Hypocrites” What animal fable does Dante allude to at the beginning of Canto 23? All animal fables were attributed to Aesop in the Middle Ages, and so Dante the Poet — mistakenly — attributed this animal fable to … Continue reading

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David Bruce: Dante’s INFERNO: A Discussion Guide — “Canto 22: Ciampolo of Navarre and Deceived Demons”

“Canto 22: Ciampolo of Navarre and Deceived Demons” What is the punishment for the Grafters, and why is it fitting? Those who engaged in graft are punished in the fifth bolgia. These sinners allowed themselves to be bribed. Their punishment … Continue reading

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David Bruce: William Shakespeare’s RICHARD II: A Retelling in Prose — Act 5, Scene 3

— 5.3 — King Henry IV, young Henry Percy, and some other lords talked together in a room at Windsor Palace. King Henry IV said, “Can’t anyone tell me news about my unthrifty, prodigal, and profligate son? It is fully … Continue reading

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David Bruce: William Shakespeare’s RICHARD II: A Retelling in Prose — Act 5, Scenes 1-2

— 5.1 — The former Queen — King Richard II had been deposed — and her ladies appeared on a street leading to the Tower of London. The former Queen said, “This is the way the true King will come; this … Continue reading

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David Bruce: Dante’s INFERNO: A Discussion Guide — “Canto 21: The Grafters”

“Canto 21: The Grafters” What is graft? Graft is a bribe. Usually, it involves the giving of money, although other things can be used for the bribe, such as drugs or sexual favors. A politician who takes money to pass legislation … Continue reading

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David Bruce: William Shakespeare’s RICHARD II: A Retelling in Prose — Chapter 4, Scene 1

— 4.1 — In Westminster Hall were meeting Henry Bolingbroke, the Duke of Aumerle, the Earl of Northumberland, young Henry Percy, Lord Fitzwater, the Duke of Surrey, the Bishop of Carlisle, and the Abbot of Westminster. Also present were another … Continue reading

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David Bruce: Dante’s INFERNO: A Discussion Guide — “Canto 20: The Soothsayers”

“Canto 20: The Soothsayers” Although Dante the Pilgrim makes progress in Canto 19, it does not mean that he will automatically continue to make progress. Dante the Pilgrim really does make progress in Canto 19. He is completely and fully aware … Continue reading

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