Dante’s PARADISE, Canto 6: SEPARATION OF CHURCH AND STATE

476px-Flickr_-_USCapitol_-_Justinian_I_(c._483-565)

Source: Wikimedia Commons (Public Domain)

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SEPARATION OF CHURCH AND STATE

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Pope and religion

We must think right about God

Emperor and state

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NOTE: Before creating the Justinian Code, Justinian had to learn to think correctly about God. In fact, he had to get rid of his heresy. (This heresy is known as the Eutychian or Monophysite Heresy.) Christian dogma regards Christ as having two natures: He is fully human, and He is fully divine. However, Justinian regarded Christ as having but one nature — Dante thought that Justinian believed that Christ was divine, not human. Dante seems to be saying that to be a great ruler, you have to get the answers to the ultimate questions right. If you are going to be a great ruler, you have to think correctly about God. The Pope really was a good spiritual leader, and we see that Justinian has established the right relationship between church and state. The Pope handles religious questions, while Justinian handles legal, secular questions. And now that Justinian is in Paradise, he can see clearly that the Pope got the answers to the religious questions right.

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https://davidbruceblog.wordpress.com/2017/03/13/dantes-paradise-canto-6-retelling-mercury-roman-emperor-justinian/

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